How to Protect Websites from Hacker Attacks

How to Protect Websites from Hacker Attacks
 

How to Protect Websites from Hacker Attacks - The more advanced technology is, the greater the dangers and potential risks that are targeted. We recently heard that one of the largest e-commerce stores in Indonesia has been hacked by hackers or hackers who steal customer data and then sell the data to the internet black market. Cyber ​​attacks around the world itself have experienced a significant increase since the COVID-19 pandemic.

Even the National Cyber ​​and Crypto Agency (BSSN) noted that cyber attacks in the midst of this pandemic rose 6 times, recorded from January to March 2020, the total number of cyber attacks was 80,837,445 cases.

When compared to the 2019 case yesterday which recorded 13,623,527 cases, of course this increase is worrying for all of us who currently use the internet more than before the pandemic.

Not only attacking e-commerce customer data. Of course, hackers also hack many websites, be it government, private or private which they think are profitable.

To understand and avoid these cyber attacks, we must also start educating ourselves. Therefore, let's look at the tutorial on how to protect your website from hacker attacks.

Understanding hacker attacks and also types of attacks

How to Protect Websites from Hacker Attacks


Hackers will come to attack in various ways and types of attacks. They usually already have a certain target structure that has been researched and scouted first. Many of these targets are websites that already have a reputation and a trusted name that will bring huge profits if hacked.

So it is not surprising that hackers always attack and break into official government websites, institutions that handle finance such as banks, large companies, and private institutions engaged in online sales or e-commerce.

The motive for this hacking attack is nothing but material and channeling their aggression. The following are some hacking actions that often occur and are carried out by hackers in cyberspace.

1. Malware

Maybe we are no longer familiar with the term or designation of malware that commonly occurs on websites through malicious software.

The type of malware that we often find in software is usually called ransomware. The attack will start and appear once the user clicks on a malicious link or has opened an attachment that automatically performs a malicious installation automatically.

If this type of malware attack manages to gain control, then all your important data from the device or on the website will be hacked and mined (data mining). This will allow hackers to use the data to commit crimes on behalf of the owner of the stolen data.

2. Denial of service

Cyber ​​crime that we all should be aware of is an attack on a website called Denial of Service (DoS) which the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team defines as an attack that can disrupt certain servers and hackers will flood hosting with the aim of increasing traffic causing the original owner websites cannot access their own web.

This Denial of Service hack attack will be able to paralyze all affected websites and cause unlimited losses for their owners. Apart from not having login access anymore, website owners have also lost all their valuable data and information.

3. Cross-Site Scripting (XXS)

One of the worst attacks is Cross-Site Scripting (XXS). This type of attack often attacks websites by entering and inserting certain codes in it. These codes are inserted into the website which will absorb user data and website owners starting from their usernames, passwords and personal data.

All of the victim's data will be collected or mined without them knowing. This XXS attack usually attacks websites that have lax or sloppy security systems that make them easy targets for hackers.

4. Man in the Middle

This is a type of attack that at first glance is similar to Cross-Site Scripting. It's just that this attack puts the hacker between the communication lines of 2 users. Hackers will find out and mine all data information that is carried out between the two users. Then hackers will intercept also divert the flow of information data and make modifications.

Among them, hackers will also insert various malware and other viruses among them. The owner of the two websites will become disabled inaccessible so that communication between the two parties will be cut off. Therefore, it is important to have a website encryption that will help secure a website.

5. Pharming

This type of attack works by redirecting the official site to a fake site that has been set up. It aims to mine the data of the real site visitors without realizing it. Even not only visitors, website owners also do not realize that their website is being hijacked and redirected.

Although the URL address on the search engine displays a legitimate URL, the next access is to a fake site. Pharming often attacks the official websites of financial institutions that pretend to display the original website but then drain customer accounts and break into all their crucial data.

How to protect a website from hacker attacks

How to Protect Websites from Hacker Attacks

Although basically cyber attacks are difficult to predict and control, that doesn't mean we don't take preventive measures. Attacks from hackers are also updated because more and more people are now aware of the types of attacks they are and take protection from.

Even so, here are steps you can apply to protect your website from hacker attacks.

1. Backup data periodically

This method is a simple method that anyone can do for any website owner and manager. Make sure to continue to back up data as often as possible on a regular basis and provide a safe storage container to store all your important data and information.

2. Update applications and software

Performing trusted updates is another way you can try. This simple method can be done for personal website owners and even big brands. Unfortunately, this method is not always noticed and carried out by website owners who will invite hackers in.

Apply this method because this step is actually the easiest and best preventive step without any other requirements. Make sure all the applications and software that you use are always updated to prevent hackers from eye scanning and reduce the possibility of burglary.

3. Use a firewall

Most firewall applications also come with features that can help block attacks and the ability to filter out spammers and malicious bots lurking on websites. The firewall is able to read every bit of data that comes through it, automatically blocking sites that are considered to have the potential to attack other websites.

This application will also block IP addresses automatically until your access to malicious sites will be stopped.

4. Use SSL

SSL or Secure Socket Layer is a method that can be used with an encrypted protocol that will transfer all information between the website and the database.

That way hackers will experience obstacles and make it difficult for hackers to enter the attack because the site has used SSL. In addition to increasing security, SSL also adds to the convenience of customers to surf on your website.

5. Choose and use a trusted cloud hosting service provider

Cloud computing is a digital trend that is currently well known and has become a mainstay of many internet users. Many claim that cloud computing is a secure storage alternative compared to conventional means.

However, not all cloud computing is a safe place, therefore use a cloud computing provider that is safe and reliable with credibility such as Exabytes.

Conclusion and closing

Once you know about the types of attacks and types of hacker attacks above, do you now think about the security of your website? Of course this is very worrying considering that currently cyber attacks are becoming rampant and almost all cyber attacks around the world are also increasing surprisingly.

Whitehat Security, which is engaged in cyber security, said that at least 865 websites in the world have at least one or more serious vulnerabilities that can be compromised. This does not only happen to small personal websites but also to large corporate or corporate websites as well.

And with the development of websites that are increasingly advanced and complex, more and more will also come flowing and rotating. In addition, internet users are also bloated but do not really understand security procedures.

It is important for us to always keep abreast of developments and equip ourselves with preventive knowledge and protection so that we can avoid possible cyber attacks and data theft.

Hopefully this article on how to protect a website from hacker attacks can be useful for all of us.

(Rahani)