How to Make Your Own Chicken Feed

How to Make Your Own Chicken Feed

How to Make Your Own Chicken Feed - The Right Way of Feeding to meet the nutritional needs of farmed poultry. Why is that? Because later the chickens raised will be sold to various markets almost all over Indonesia.

Especially if you are a native chicken farmer. Free-range chicken has a higher nutritional content than domestic mandung. Apart from being left in the wild, the breeders are also very careful in providing chicken food. Moreover, the selling price of mandung kampung is also higher, so that everything including feed must be considered.

Types of Chicken Feed

Chicken feed has various types. Currently, chicken feed is available anywhere, in the market it is easy to find. However, making it yourself is a lot more fun. In addition, it can also save more expenses. You also better understand the dosage and the ingredients used are clear and healthy.

1. Rice bran

Rice bran is rice bran that comes from rice processing waste into rice. Rice bran has a high amino acid content. Rice bran also contains crude fiber by 11-12 percent. Unfortunately, the use of rice bran must be limited because it is difficult for the mandung to digest it.

Quality bran when gripped firmly and when released again remain attached to each other. Although it has a coarse texture, rice bran also has a fine textured version. Try to use rice bran with a smooth texture because it contains B vitamins and protein.

2. Oil

Oil is useful to facilitate mixing in the feed. Oil contains high metabolic energy, which is 7,000-8,000 kcal/kg. To get the highest calories you can use fish oil. Oil is also needed to increase the efficiency of food, improve color and texture, reduce dust, and maintain the taste of food. How to use it only by spraying on the feed.

3. Cassava

Cassava has a fairly high metabolic energy, but has a low protein content, which is only 2-3%. To process it into chicken feed ingredients, it should be no more than 20% of the total ration because it can cause wet feces. Before being processed into chicken food, make sure the cassava is dried in the sun until it becomes cassava.

4. Pollard

Pollard is wheat bran that comes from the waste processing of wheat into wheat flour. Just like rice bran, pollar also has a crude fiber of 7-9%. Pollar also contains 15% protein and 3-4% fat. Also limit the use of pollard because it can cause diarrhea.

To make your own feed turns out to have a diversity of ingredients that are different from the type of chicken. All ingredients are adapted to the nutritional needs and benefits of mandung. For example, the diet of laying hens is not necessarily the same as that of native chickens.

Free-range chicken usually has more chewy and thick meat. It also affects the feeding given to farmers. In line with that, not much different from laying eggs, breeders also maintain the health of the mother and eggs by paying attention to the nutritional content of the feed provided.

There are various steps of making chicken feed. Everything needs to be considered according to the needs of mandung cattle. Here we present a recipe for mandung feed consisting of, empan mandung kampung, empan laying hens, and nutritious broiler empan mandung.

How to Make Village Chicken Feed

How to Make Your Own Chicken Feed


  • Taro tree (any part)
  • Rice bran
  • Dalog rice
  • Bone flour

Steps to make your own chicken feed

  1. Chopped the part of the taro tree used, approximately 1cm
  2. Mix all the ingredients with the chopped part of the taro tree.
  3. Add enough water and boil until all the ingredients are crushed. Then make sure all the ingredients are well mixed
  4. Before mixing make sure the feed is in accordance with the dose. For example, 2 kg empan, you need to use 1 kg of taro tubers, kg of bran, and 1 tablespoon of bone flour or according to your taste.
  5. If the feed is well mixed, remove and cool. After that you can give the village yam.

How to Make Layer Chicken Feed


  • ground corn
  • Fish flour
  • peanuts
  • bran
  • Sorghum
  • Cassava
  • Rice bran
  • Tofu dregs
  • coconut pulp
  • Soybean dregs
  • Agricultural and household waste


  1. do the drying to be ground and mixed for 1-2 weeks to dry.
  2. Combine all ingredients and mix until smooth. You also use a smoothing machine for maximum results.
  3. If it is well mixed, do the drying again for about 1-2 days to get a more optimal dry result. You can also use a tarp to dry faster.
  4. Once dry, do the bucket and give additional supplements to support the growth of the egg laying and increase egg productivity.
  5. do the separation in the container and also present the empan well
  6. When serving feed, add enough water and mix well.

How to Make Nutritious Broiler Feed

How to Make Your Own Chicken Feed

There is something different from the two previous types of chicken feed. This nutritious broiler empan has a slightly complicated process, namely mashing, steaming, molding, and drying. After all the ingredients are mashed, the feed will enter the sterile gelatin evaporation resistance. Evaporation using a temperature of 800 o C to 900 o C.

1. The best chicken feed ingredients

  • 6kg corn
  • 2kg bran
  • 2 kg cassava flour
  • 3kg blood meal
  • fish meal 4kg
  • 7kg soybeans
  • 5 kg papaya cake
  • 1 kg kapok seed cake
  • 2 kg papaya leaves
  • 4kg poultry feather flour
  • premix 05kg

Finisher with the following composition

  • 5kg corn
  • 7 kg of rice bran
  • 5 kg cassava flour
  • 1kg sorghum
  • 3kg fish meal
  • 9kg soybean
  • 3kg blood meal
  • 9kg soybean
  • 5kg coconut cake
  • 05kg kapok seed meal
  • 25 kg of papaya leaf flour
  • chicken feather flour 25kg
  • 1kg coconut oil
  • premix 05kg


  1. Mix an ingredient together
  2. Then delete it using the flour machine
  3. The results of the flour are stirred using a mixer and then steamed at a temperature of 800-900 o C
  4. If it is cooked, in a warm state form using a pellet press machine
  5. Dry the pellets with a dryer
  6. After drying, the chicken feed is ready to use

Tips for Giving Chicken Feed

After knowing how to make feed, it turns out that there are also various special tips for giving feed to chickens. It is also important for the growth of chickens. How to give the wrong food will cause the infertile to not have an appetite or even prefer to look for other foods.

1. Offering restless food

Don't you mean calm? Have you ever had someone who feeds you by throwing a look? This will actually make the insecure run away because he thinks he will be attacked. some may accept but also some who attack back. Feeding in a hurry also causes stress for chickens. For that, in offering empan must be slow or calm.

2. Feed regularly

You can give chicken feed 2-3 times a day. Morning and evening, or morning, afternoon, and evening. If from the beginning to feed 2x a day, do it consistently and regularly. offer irregular meals, for example 2x a day tomorrow and 3x the day after tomorrow, then pray that will come back 2x a day.

3. Pay attention to the condition of the chicken

Before feeding, pay attention to the chicken's stomach, whether it is bloated or not. Do not let the baby be forced to eat, if the stomach is already bloated. Chicken that is too fat does not look good and is rarely chosen by consumers. For this reason, it is also important to check regularly. Checking also makes it easier for you to determine how many times the mandung should be fed.

4. Direct contact with chickens when sick

If you are sick, wear a mask and gloves. This is to prevent your disease from being infected to the chicken. If one chicken is infected, it will make it easier for the virus to spread to other chickens. For that, you also need to take care of your own health so you don't transmit the disease to the chickens.

That's a variety of information on ingredients and chicken feed recipes that are commonly used. Don't forget to also find out various tips to increase your chicken appetite. By maintaining the diet of chickens, it is guaranteed that the quality of growth and nutrition will also be maximized. In addition to the various ingredients of chicken empan above, what other types do you usually use.

( Rahani )